Silybum marianum

Silybum marianum has several common names as well as synonyms, including Silybum pygmaeum, Carduus marianus L., milk thistle, blessed thistle and Mary's thistle. Possessing therapeutic properties, this aromatic plant is widely used in traditional medicine as a cleansing agent. Its usage as a medicinal plant can be traced back to ancient Greece and Rome, eventually spreading to the rest of Europe.

The main active ingredients in the extract of milk thistle, or Silybum marianum, are a group of flavonoids, known collectively as silymarin. However, the herbal extract contains other compounds with beneficial properties including quercetin, vitamin E, and some flavonoids, such as campesterol and sitosterol.

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