What are Diuretics?

A diuretic is any substance that acts on the kidneys to make them produce more urine, helping the body get rid of excess water. Most diuretics also increase urinary excretion of solutes, especially sodium and chloride. There are several common foodstuffs, such as tea, watermelon, pineapple, celery, artichokes, asparagus, mint, horsetail, fennel, and dandelion that are traditionally presented as a natural source of substances with diuretic action.

Scientific literature reports that Diuretics:

  • Increase the volume of urine excreted
  • Reduce fluid retention
  • Support kidney function
  • Reduce body volume


Hall JE. Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology. 11th ed. Elsevier; 2016.

Launay A. Pharmacognosie, phytochimie, plantes médicinales — cinquième édition J. Bruneton, Éditions Lavoisier Tec & Doc, 2016.

Ministerio della Salute - Decreto 9 luglio 2012 - Disciplina dell’impiego negli integratori alimentari di sostanze e preparati vegetali (G.U. 21-7-2012 serie generale n. 169)

Widmaier EP et al. Human Physiology: the Mechanisms of Body Function. 9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2003.

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