- Amino acids
- Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)
- Energy stimulants
- Green coffee extract
- Mass Gainers
- Protein bars
- Time Released Protein
- Tribulus terrestris
- Vitamin C
- Whey protein
- Whey protein hydrolysate
- Whey protein isolate
- See More Ingredients (19)
- 5-HTP (5-hydroxytryptophan)
- Appetite Control
- Aspartic acid
- Biotin or vitamin B8
- Blood Circulation
- Brain and Memory
- Breakfast and Oats
- Carb Blockers
- Cholesterol Control
- Coenzyme Q10
- Cordyceps sinensis
- Dietary Fiber
- Digestion and Absorption
- Egg protein
- Energy bars
- Energy drinks
- Evening Primrose Oil
- Eye Health
- Fat Reduction Creams
- Fatty acids
- Fenugreek extract
- Flax Seed Oil
- GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)
- Garcinia Cambogia
- Ginger Extract
- Ginkgo Biloba
- Gotu kola
- Grape Seed Extract
- Green tea extract
- Guarana extract
- Hair, Nails & Skin
- Healthy Cooking
- Hyaluronic acid
- Immune System
- Isotonic drinks
- Joints, Cartilage and Bones
- Krill Oil
- Lipoic acid (LA)
- Maca root extract
- MCT (Medium Chain Triglycerides)
- Meal Replacement
- Meat protein
- Niacin or vitamin B3
- Nitric oxide
- Pine Bark Extract
- Pro-hormone - Anabolic
- Prostate Support
- Psyllium husk
- Recovery Complex
- Red yeast rice
- Rhodiola Rosea
- Saw Palmetto
- Sex Enhancers
- Silybum marianum
- Soy protein
- Special Proteins
- Stimulant Free Fat Burners
- Valerian Herbal Extract
- Vegetable Protein
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin B complex
- Vitamin D
- Vitamin E
- Vitamin K
- Waxy Maize
- Women and Menopause
- See More Ingredients (92)
What are BCAAs?
BCAA is the acronym for Branched-Chain Amino Acids and refers to three amino acids with a "branched-chain" chemical structure: leucine, valine, and isoleucine. They are all essential amino acids, which means the body cannot synthesise them and they must be obtained through diet or food supplements.
Scientific studies report that BCAAs:
- Are essential for protein synthesis in humans
- Support muscle growth and recovery
- Contribute to energy metabolism during exercise
Devries MC, Phillips SM. 2015. Supplemental protein in support of muscle mass and health: advantage whey. J Food Sci, 80: A8-A15.
Rubio J et al., 2007. Aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts of Black Maca (Lepidium meyenii) improve scopolamine-induced memory impairment in mice. Food Chem Toxicol, 45(10): 1882-90.
Stone M et al., 2009. A pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmen. J Ethnopharmacol, 126(3): 574-6.
Gonzales GF et al., 2014. Maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp), a review of its biological properties. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica, 31(1): 100-10.
Gonzales GF et al., 2002. Effect of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on sexual desire and its absent relationship with serum testosterone levels in adult healthy men. Andrologia, 34(6): 367-72.
Zenico T et al., 2009. Subjective effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) extract on well-being and sexual performances in patients with mild erectile dysfunction: a randomised, double-blind clinical trial. Andrologia, 41(2): 95-9.
Gonzales GF et al., 2008. Antagonist effect of Lepidium meyenii (red maca) on prostatic hyperplasia in adult mice. Andrologia, 40(3): 179-85.
Brooks NA et al., 2008. Beneficial effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on psychological symptoms and measures of sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women are not related to estrogen or androgen content. Menopause, 15(6):1157-62.
Meissner HO et al., 2006. Therapeutic effects or pre-gelatinized Maca (Lepidium Peruvianum Chacon) used as a non-hormonal alternative to HRT in perimenopausal women - clinical pilot study. Int J Biomed Sci, 2: 143-159.
Meissner HO et al., 2005. Use of gelatinized Maca (Lepidium peruvianum) in early postmenopausal women. Int J Biomed Sci, 1(1): 33-45.
Bhaaskar S, Shalini V, Helen A. 2011. Quercetin regulates oxidized LDL induced inflammatory changes in human PBMCs by modulating the TLR-NF-kB signaling pathway. Immunobiology, 216(3): 367-73.
Derlindati E et al., 2012. Quercetin-3-O-glucuronide affects the gene expression profile of M1 and M2a human macrophages exhibiting anti-inflammatory effects. Food Funct. 3(11): 1144-52.
Nickel T, et al. 2011. Immunoregulatory effects of the flavonol quercetin in vitro and in vivo. Eur J Nutr. 50(3): 163-72.
Cavalcanti E et al., 2014. Administration of reconstituted polyphenol oil bodies efficiently suppresses dendritic cell inflammatory pathways and acute intestinal inflammation. PLoS One. 9(2): e88898.
Jiménez-Aliaga K et al., 2011. Quercetin and rutin exhibit antiamyloidogenic and fibril-disaggregating effects in vitro and potent antioxidant activity in APPswe cells. Life Sci. 89(25-26): 939-45.
Yu ES et al., 2008. Regulatory mechanisms of IL-2 and IFNgamma suppression by quercetin in T helper cells. Biochem Pharmacol. 76(1): 70-8.
Park HJ et al., 2011. Quercetin regulates Th1/Th2 balance in a murine model of asthma. Int Immunopharmacol. 9(3): 261-7.
Terasawa N, Okamoto K, Nakada K, Masuda K, Effect of Conjugated Linoleic Acid Intake on Endurance Exercise Performance and Anti-fatigue in Student Athletes, J Oleo Sci. 2017 Jul 1;66(7):723-733. doi: 10.5650/jos.ess17053
Whigham LD, Watras AC, Schoeller DA. Efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid for reducing fat mass: a meta-analysis in humans, Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 May;85(5):1203-11. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/85.5.1203
Gaullier JM et al. Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation for 1 y reduces body fat mass in healthy overweight humans, Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jun;79(6):1118-25. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/79.6.1118
Belitz H.D. et al. (2009). Food Chemistry "1 Amino Acids, Peptides, Proteins", 4th revised and extended Edition, 8-9.
Moro T et al. Amino Acid Sensing in Skeletal Muscle, Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Nov;27(11):796-806. doi: 10.1016/j.tem.2016.06.010.
Belitz, H.D. et al. (2009). Food Chemistry "3 Lipids", 4th revised and extended Edition, 215
Teixeira, A. et al. (2014). Natural Bioactive Compounds from Winery By-Products as Health Promoters: A Review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 15: 15638-15678
Corrochano A. R. et al. (2018). Invited review: Whey proteins as antioxidants and promoters of cellular antioxidant pathways. Journal of Dairy Science, 101: 4747–4761
Schneider JY et al. Effects of chronic oral L-arginine administration on the L-arginine/NO pathway in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease or coronary artery disease: L-Arginine prevents renal loss of nitrite, the major NO reservoir. Amino Acids. 2015 Sep;47(9):1961-74. doi: 10.1007/s00726-015-2031-0
Wang R. Et al. L-Arginine Enhances Protein Synthesis by Phosphorylating mTOR (Thr 2446) in a Nitric Oxide-Dependent Manner in C2C12 Cells. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2018 Apr 26;2018:7569127. doi. 10.1155/2018/7569127
Melik Z. Et al. L-arginine as dietary supplement for improving microvascular function. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2017;65(3):205-217. doi: 10.3233/CH-16159
McNeal CJ et al. Safety and Effectiveness of Arginine in Adults. J Nutr. 2016 Dec;146(12):2587S-2593S. doi: 10.3945/jn.116.234740
McNeal CJ et al. Safety of dietary supplementation with arginine in adult humans. Amino Acids. 2018 Jun 1. doi: 10.1007/s00726-018-2594-7
Berg J.M., Tymoczko J.L, Stryer L. Biochemistry. 5th edition. New York: W H Freeman; 2002
Mangano KM et al, Dietary protein is associated with musculoskeletal health independently of dietary pattern: the Framingham Third Generation Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017 Mar;105(3):714-722. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.136762
Ministero della Salute (March, 2018). Altri Nutrienti e Altre Sostanze ad Effetto Nutritivo o Fisiologico
Shimomura, Y. and Kitaura, Y. (2018). Physiological and pathological roles of branched-chain amino acids in theregulation of protein and energy metabolism and neurological functions. Pharmacological Research 133: 215-217
Sung, D. J. et al. (2016). Role of l-carnitine in sports performance: Focus on ergogenic aid and antioxidant. Science & Sports 31: 177-188.