How to treat foot blisters?
How do blisters appear in the first place?
Blisters are common lesions that occur in sports that expose the skin to friction. In many cases, this friction is caused by footwear, for instance during running, skating, or skiing, or by using rackets or gymnastics equipment.
As a result of this attrition, small blisters filled with liquid appear on the skin surface. This liquid is usually transparent, although occasionally bleeding inside the blister may cause it to appear either red or blue.
Anatomy and physiology
What causes blisters to appear is a separation of the epidermis and the dermis (an inner skin layer right under the epidermis), or of the multiple layers of the epidermis itself. The space between the layers is filled with serum, lymph, blood or extracellular fluid, which is what causes the swelling, and the outer layer usually becomes thin and translucent. As we all know, blisters can be very sensitive or even painful.
Injuries of this kind can be caused by attrition of the feet (during running or walking), or of the fingers and hand palms (when using golf clubs, tennis rackets, gymnastics equipment etc.).
A translucent swelling on the skin in the worn area, along with a stinging sensation or intense pain, can be considered symptoms of blisters. By carefully touching the afflicted area, the exact location of the blister can be identified. If a blister is bothersome, it may be better to drain the liquid from it.
When ignoring blisters and proceeding with your regular physical exercise, they can burst, which is likely to provoke even more skin irritation and pain. Additionally, blisters that are not treated adequately may become infected and fester, as they are basically open wounds that attract bacteria and other organisms.
The first thing to do is to wash the blister carefully with soap and lukewarm water. If necessary, drain the liquid with care and cover the area with a sterile gauze bandage or plaster.
As long as they do not become infected, blisters are known to heal easily. Using the right socks and shoes can help to prevent blisters while running. Athletes such as gymnasts apply gym chalk on their hands to minimize friction. There is very little chance of blisters if the right precautions are taken when practicing sports.
It may only require a few days for blisters to heal if no infections occur. Until fully healed however, the discomfort and pain that blisters can cause, may negatively affect your performance.Keep Reading